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Wodak SJ, Paci E, Dokholyan NV, Berezovsky IN, Horovitz A, Li J, Hilser VJ, Bahar I, Karanicolas J, Stock G, Hamm P, Stote RH, Eberhardt J, Chebaro Y, Dejaegere A, Cecchini M, Changeux JP, Bolhuis PG, Vreede J, Faccioli P, Orioli S, Ravasio R, Yan L, Brito C, Wyart M, Gkeka P, Rivalta I, Palermo G, McCammon JA, Panecka-Hofman J, Wade RC, Di Pizio A, Niv MY, Nussinov R, Tsai CJ, Jang H, Padhorny D, Kozakov D, McLeish T
Allostery in Its Many Disguises: From Theory to Applications
Structure (2019) 27:566-578.
Abstract
Allosteric regulation plays an important role in many biological processes, such as signal transduction, transcriptional regulation, and metabolism. Allostery is rooted in the fundamental physical properties of macromolecular systems, but its underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. A collection of contributions to a recent interdisciplinary CECAM (Center Europeen de Calcul Atomique et Moleculaire) workshop is used here to provide an overview of the progress and remaining limitations in the understanding of the mechanistic foundations of allostery gained from computational and experimental analyses of real protein systems and model systems. The main conceptual frameworks instrumental in driving the field are discussed. We illustrate the role of these frameworks in illuminating molecular mechanisms and explaining cellular processes, and describe some of their promising practical applications in engineering molecular sensors and informing drug design efforts.
Note
Publication Date: 2019-04-02.
PMCID: PMC6688844
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Last updated on Friday, December 06, 2019