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Shanmughapriya S, Tomar D, Dong Z, Slovik KJ, Nemani N, Natarajaseenivasan K, Carvalho E, Lu C, Corrigan K, Garikipati VN, Ibetti J, Rajan S, Barrero C, Chuprun K, Kishore R, Merali S, Tian Y, Yang W, Madesh M
FOXD1-dependent MICU1 expression regulates mitochondrial activity and cell differentiation
Nat Commun (2018) 9:3449.
Although many factors contribute to cellular differentiation, the role of mitochondria Ca(2+) dynamics during development remains unexplored. Because mammalian embryonic epiblasts reside in a hypoxic environment, we intended to understand whether mCa(2+) and its transport machineries are regulated during hypoxia. Tissues from multiple organs of developing mouse embryo evidenced a suppression of MICU1 expression with nominal changes on other MCU complex components. As surrogate models, we here utilized human embryonic stem cells (hESCs)/induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) and primary neonatal myocytes to delineate the mechanisms that control mCa(2+) and bioenergetics during development. Analysis of MICU1 expression in hESCs/hiPSCs showed low abundance of MICU1 due to its direct repression by Foxd1. Experimentally, restoration of MICU1 established the periodic cCa(2+) oscillations and promoted cellular differentiation and maturation. These findings establish a role of mCa(2+) dynamics in regulation of cellular differentiation and reveal a molecular mechanism underlying this contribution through differential regulation of MICU1.
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Publication Date: 2018-08-29.
PMCID: PMC6115453
Last updated on Saturday, July 11, 2020