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Lamb EP, Pritchard FE, Nouer SS, Tolley EA, Boyd BS, Davidson JT, Munene G, Fleming MD
Understanding Disparities in Breast Cancer Care in Memphis, Tennessee
Am Surg (2018) 84:620-627.
Although significant progress has been made in improving breast cancer survival, disparities among racial, ethnic, and underserved groups still exist. The goal of this investigation is to quantify racial disparities in the context of breast cancer care, examining the outcomes of recurrence and mortality in the city of Memphis. Patients with a biopsy-proven diagnosis of breast cancer from January 1, 2002, through December 31, 2012, were obtained from the tumor registry. Black patients were more likely to have advanced (II, III, or IV) clinical stage of breast cancer at diagnosis versus white patients. Black breast cancer patients had a two times higher odds of recurrence (95% confidence interval: 1.4, 3.0) after adjusting for race and clinical stage. Black breast cancer patients were 1.5 times more likely to die (95% confidence interval: 1.2, 1.8), after adjusting for race; age at diagnosis; clinical stage; ER, PR, HER2 status; and recurrence. Black women with stages 0, I, II, and III breast cancer all had a statistically significant longer median time from diagnosis to surgery than white women. Black patients were more likely to have advanced clinical stages of breast cancer at diagnosis versus white patients on a citywide level in Memphis. Black breast cancer patients have higher odds of recurrence and mortality when compared with white breast cancer patients, after adjusting for appropriate demographic and clinical attributes. More work is needed to develop, evaluate, and disseminate interventions to decrease inequities in timeliness of care for breast cancer patients.
Publication Date: 2018-05-01.
Last updated on Wednesday, March 04, 2020