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Eskander RN, Kauderer J, Tewari KS, Mannel RS, Bristow RE, O'Malley DM, Rubin SC, Glaser GE, Hamilton CA, Fujiwara K, Huh WK, Ueland F, Stephan JM, Burger RA
Correlation between Surgeon's assessment and radiographic evaluation of residual disease in women with advanced stage ovarian cancer reported to have undergone optimal surgical cytoreduction: An NRG Oncology/Gynecologic Oncology Group study
Gynecol Oncol (2018) 149:525-530.
PURPOSE: We sought to determine the level of concordance among surgeons' assessment of residual disease (RD) and pre-treatment computed tomography (CT) findings among women who underwent optimal surgical cytoreduction for advanced stage ovarian cancer. METHODS: This is a post-trial ad hoc analysis of a phase 3 randomized clinical trial evaluating the impact of bevacizumab in primary and maintenance therapy for patients with advanced stage ovarian cancer following surgical cytoreduction. All subjects underwent imaging of the chest/abdomen/pelvis to establish a post-surgical baseline prior to the initiation of chemotherapy. Information collected on trial was utilized to compare surgeon's operative assessment of RD, to pre-treatment imaging. RESULTS: Of 1873 enrolled patients, surgical outcome was described as optimal (RD1cm in size. RD>1cm was most commonly identified in the right upper quadrant (28.4%), retroperitoneal para-aortic lymph nodes (RD>1.5cm; 28.2%) and the left upper quadrant (10.7%). Patients with RD>1cm on pre-treatment CT (discordant) exhibited a significantly greater risk of disease progression (HR 1.30; 95% CI 1.08-1.56; p=0.0059). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients reported to have undergone optimal cytoreduction, 40% were found to have lesions >1cm on postoperative, pretreatment imaging. Although inflammatory changes and/or rapid tumor regrowth could account for the discordance, the impact on PFS and distribution of RD may suggest underestimation by the operating surgeon.
Publication Date: 2018-06-01.
Last updated on Monday, June 03, 2019