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Sariyer R, De-Simone FI, Gordon J, Sariyer IK
Immune suppression of JC virus gene expression is mediated by SRSF1
J Neurovirol (2016) 22:597-606.
Abstract
Progressive multifocal leukoemcephalopathy (PML) is a fatal demyelinating disease caused by the human neurotropic JC virus (JCV). JCV infects the majority of the human population during childhood and establishes a latent/persistent life-long infection. The virus reactivates under immunosuppressive conditions by unknown mechanisms, resulting in productive infection of oligodendrocytes in the central nervous system (CNS). Given the fact that the natural occurrence of PML is strongly associated with immunosuppression, the functional and molecular interaction between glial cells and neuroimmune signaling mediated by soluble immune mediators is likely to play a major role in reactivation of JCV and the progression of the lytic viral life cycle leading to the development of PML. In order to explore the effect of soluble immune mediators secreted by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) on JCV transcription, primary human fetal glial (PHFG) cells were treated with conditioned media from PBMCs. We observed a strong suppression of JCV early as well as late gene transcription in cells treated with conditioned media from induced PBMCs. Using a variety of virological and molecular biological approaches, we demonstrate that immune mediators secreted by PBMCs induce the expression of SRSF1, a strong inhibitor of JCV gene expression, and inhibit the replication of JCV. Our results show that downregulation of SRSF1 in glial cells overcomes the suppression of JCV gene expression and its replication mediated by soluble immune mediators. These findings suggest the presence of a novel immune signaling pathway between glial cells and PBMCs that may control JCV gene expression during the course of viral reactivation.
Note
Publication Date: 2016-10-01.
PMCID: PMC5014737
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Last updated on Wednesday, March 04, 2020