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Merza H, Bilusic M
Current Management Strategy for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma and Future Directions
Curr Oncol Rep (2017) 19:27.
Abstract
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Major strides have been made in the treatment of kidney cancer in the last several years with checkpoint immunotherapies and novel targeted agents. This manuscript will review current treatment strategies for metastatic renal cell carcinoma and will discuss future directions. RECENT FINDINGS: Most recently, several new drugs including nivolumab, cabozantinib, and a combination of lenvatinib and everolimus have demonstrated acceptable toxicity and significantly improved overall survival, but evidence-based guidelines for sequencing of the approved treatment options and treatment selection based on biomarkers are still missing. Despite the significant progress, many questions still remain unanswered. Several ongoing clinical trials are evaluating sequencing, timing of cytoreductive nephrectomy, combinations of immunotherapies and targeted therapies as well as selection of the best systemic treatment. Personalized treatment based on tumor profiling is one of the brightest spots on the horizon.
Note
Publication Date: 2017-04-01.
PMCID: Review
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Last updated on Friday, December 06, 2019