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Shah JJ, Kaufman JL, Zonder JA, Cohen AD, Bensinger WI, Hilder BW, Rush SA, Walker DH, Tunquist BJ, Litwiler KS, Ptaszynski M, Orlowski RZ, Lonial S
A Phase 1 and 2 study of Filanesib alone and in combination with low-dose dexamethasone in relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma
Cancer (2017) In process.
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Filanesib (ARRY-520) is a highly selective inhibitor of kinesin spindle protein, which has demonstrated preclinical antimyeloma activity. METHODS: This open-label Phase 1/2 study determined the maximum tolerated dose of Filanesib administered on Days 1 and 2 of 14-Day Cycles in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and included expansion cohorts with and without dexamethasone (40 mg/week). Patients in the dose-escalation (N = 31) and Phase 2 single-agent (N = 32) cohorts had received prior bortezomib as well as prior thalidomide and/or lenalidomide. Patients in the Phase 2 Filanesib plus dexamethasone cohort (N = 55) had received prior alkylator therapy and had disease refractory to lenalidomide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone. Prophylactic filgrastim was incorporated during dose escalation and was used throughout Phase 2. RESULTS: Patients in each cohort had received a median of >/=6 prior therapies. The most common dose-limiting toxicities were febrile neutropenia and mucosal inflammation. In Phase 2, Grade 3 and 4 cytopenias were reported in approximately 50% of patients. Nonhematologic toxicities were infrequent. Phase 2 response rates (partial responses or better) were 16% (single agent) and 15% (Filanesib plus dexamethasone). All responding patients had low baseline levels of alpha1-acid glycoprotein, a potential selective biomarker. CONCLUSIONS: Filanesib 1.50 mg/m2 /day administered with prophylactic filgrastim has a manageable safety profile and encouraging activity in heavily pretreated patients This study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00821249. Cancer 2017. (c) 2017 American Cancer Society.
Note
Publication Date: 2017-08-17.
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Last updated on Wednesday, September 06, 2017