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Epperla N, Maddocks KJ, Salhab M, Chavez JC, Reddy N, Karmali R, Umyarova E, Bachanova V, Costa C, Glenn M, Calzada O, Xavier AC, Zhou Z, Hossain NM, Hernandez-Ilizaliturri FJ, Al-Mansour Z, Barta SK, Chhabra S, Lansigan F, Mehta A, Jaglal MV, Evans A, Flowers CR, Cohen JB, Fenske TS, Hamadani M, Costa LJ
C-MYC-positive relapsed and refractory, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: Impact of additional "hits" and outcomes with subsequent therapy
Cancer (2017) In process.
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The impact of MYC proto-oncogene, basic helix-loop-helix (MYC) translocations (with or without additional rearrangements involving the B-cell lymphoma 2 [BCL2] or BCL6 genes) on the response to salvage therapy and survival in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who experience primary treatment failure is not well defined. METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective study of the impact of MYC, BCL2, and BCL6 rearrangements in patients with DLBCL who failed to achieve complete remission or relapsed within 6 months after they completed upfront chemoimmunotherapy. RESULTS: The authors examined response to salvage therapy, receipt of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), and survival outcomes in MYC-negative (n = 120), MYC-positive single hit (SH) (n = 20), and MYC-positive double hit/triple hit (DH/TH) (n = 35) cohorts. The overall response rate in these cohorts to first salvage therapy (51%, 50%, and 54%, respectively) and receipt of HCT (52%, 40%, and 43%, respectively) were comparable between the 3 cohorts. The 2-year overall survival rate was 29.9% in the MYC-negative cohort, 0% in the MYC-positive SH cohort, and 9.9% in the MYC-positive DH/TH cohort (P < .001), and no difference was observed between the SH and DH/TH cohorts (P = .8). The higher risk of death for patients with MYC-positive SH DLBCL (hazard ratio, 1.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.98-2.96; P = .06) and those with MYC-positive DH/TH DLBCL (hazard ratio, 2.22; 95% confidence interval, 1.41-3.50; P = .001) persisted after adjusting for covariates. For patients who underwent autologous HCT, the 2-year overall survival rate was 55.4% in the MYC-negative cohort, 0% in the MYC-positive SH cohort, and 19.4% in the MYC-positive DH/TH cohort (P < .001). All 4 MYC-positive patients who underwent allogeneic HCT relapsed in <4 months. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with MYC-positive DLBCL who experience primary treatment failure have response rates to similar to those achieved by salvage therapy compared with their MYC-negative counterparts, but their survival is dismal irrespective of additional "hits" and HCT, representing an unmet medical need. Cancer 2017. (c) 2017 American Cancer Society.
Note
Publication Date: 2017-07-27.
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Last updated on Wednesday, September 06, 2017