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Pal SK, Ali SM, Yakirevich E, Geynisman DM, Karam JA, Elvin JA, Frampton GM, Huang X, Lin DI, Rosenzweig M, Lipson D, Stephens PJ, Ross JS, Miller VA, Agarwal N, Shuch B, Choueiri TK, Chung JH
Characterization of Clinical Cases of Advanced Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma via Comprehensive Genomic Profiling
Eur Urol (2018) 73:71-78.
BACKGROUND: Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) is a rare subset of RCC. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data largely reflect localized disease, and there are limited data for advanced PRCC. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the frequency of genomic alterations (GAs) in patients with advanced PRCC for whom comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) was performed in the context of routine clinical care. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue was obtained for 169 consecutive patients with confirmed PRCC. DNA was extracted and comprehensive genomic profiling was performed in a certified central laboratory. MEASUREMENTS: Hybrid-capture, adaptor ligation-based libraries of up to 315 genes were sequenced to a median coverage of 648x. All classes of GAs were identified, including substitutions, insertions/deletions, copy number alterations, and rearrangements. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: From 169 patients, either primary tumor tissue (102 patients, 60%) or metastatic tissue (67 patients, 40%) was collected. In patients with type 1 PRCC, commonly altered genes were MET (33%; 8 activating mutations, 5 amplifications at >6 copies), TERT (30%), CDKN2A/B (13%), and EGFR (8%). In patients with type 2 PRCC, commonly altered genes were CDKN2A/B (18%), TERT (18%), NF2 (13%), and FH (13%); MET GAs (5 mutations, 3 amplifications) were observed in 7% of type 2 cases. Notable differences from TCGA data include higher frequencies of MET, NF2, and CDKN2A/B GAs, association of alterations in SWI/SNF complex genes with type 2 PRCC, and observation of frequent CDKN2A/B alterations in both type 1 and type 2 disease. CONCLUSIONS: Both the current study and the TCGA experience represent similarly sized cohorts of patients with PRCC. Key differences in GA frequency probably underscore the marked difference in stage distribution between these data sets. These results may inform planned precision medicine trials for metastatic PRCC. PATIENT SUMMARY: Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) is a rare subtype of kidney cancer, and understanding of the biology of advanced PRCC is limited. This report highlights some of the unique biologic features of PRCC that may inform on future use of targeted therapies for the treatment of metastatic disease.
Publication Date: 2018-01-01.
Last updated on Thursday, May 02, 2019