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Capo-chichi CD, Aguida B, Chabi NW, Cai QK, Offrin G, Agossou VK, Sanni A, Xu XX
Lamin A/C deficiency is an independent risk factor for cervical cancer
Cell Oncol (Dordr) (2016) 39:59-68.
BACKGROUND: In the past, cervical cancer has been linked to Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection. Previously, we found that pre-neoplastic breast and ovarian lesions may be associated with lamin A/C deficiency, resulting in abnormal nuclear morphologies and chromosomal instability. Ultimately, these phenomena are thought to lead to cancer. Here, we assessed lamin A/C deficiency as an indicator for the risk to develop cervical cancer. METHODS: The expression of lamin A/C was assessed by Western blotting in cervical uterine smears (CUS) of 76 adult women from Benin concomitant with nuclear morphology assessment and HPV genotyping using microscopy and PCR-based assays, respectively. In vitro analyses were performed to uncover the mechanism underlying lamin A/C expression alterations observed in vivo. The presence of cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CIN) was assessed by colposcopy. RESULTS: Normal lamin A/C expression (group A) was observed in 39% of the CUS, weak lamin A/C expression (group B) was observed in 28% of the CUS and no lamin A/C expression (group C) was observed in 33% of the CUS tested. Infection with oncogenic HPV was found to be significantly higher in group C (36%) than in groups A (17%) and B (14%). Two years after our first assessment, CIN was observed in 20% of the women in group C. The in vitro application of either a histone deacetylase inhibitor (trichostatin) or a protein kinase inhibitor (staurosporine) was found to restore lamin A/C expression in cervical cancer-derived cells. CONCLUSION: Lamin A/C deficiency may serve as an independent risk factor for CIN development and as an indicator for preventive therapy in cervical cancer.
Publication Date: 2016-02-01.
Last updated on Wednesday, August 05, 2020