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Twelves C, Chmielowska E, Havel L, Popat S, Swieboda-Sadlej A, Sawrycki P, Bycott P, Ingrosso A, Kim S, Williams JA, Chen C, Olszanski AJ, de Besi P, Schiller JH
Randomised phase II study of axitinib or bevacizumab combined with paclitaxel/carboplatin as first-line therapy for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer
Ann Oncol (2014) 25:132-8.
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Efficacy and safety of first-line axitinib/paclitaxel/carboplatin versus bevacizumab/paclitaxel/carboplatin in advanced non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with stage IIIB/IV disease stratified by adjuvant therapy and gender were randomised 1 : 1 to axitinib (5 mg twice daily) or bevacizumab [15 mg/kg every 3 weeks (Q3W)], both with paclitaxel (200 mg/m(2) Q3W)/carboplatin (AUC 6 mg min/ml Q3W). RESULTS: The trial was discontinued after preliminary analysis. Median progression-free survival (primary end point) for axitinib (N = 58) and bevacizumab (N = 60), respectively, was 5.7 and 6.1 months [hazard ratio (HR) 1.09, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.68-1.76; one-sided stratified P = 0.64]; median overall survival was 10.6 and 13.3 months (HR 1.12, 95% CI 0.74-1.69; one-sided stratified P = 0.70). Objective response rates (95% CI) were 29.3% (18.1-42.7) and 43.3% (30.6-56.8), respectively; risk ratio 0.676 (95% CI 0.41-1.11; one-sided stratified P = 0.94). The most common grade 3/4 adverse events included neutropenia (28% versus 20%), fatigue (14% versus 7%), and hypertension (14% versus 5%). Patient-reported outcomes based on the EORTC QLQ-C30 were similar between arms. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with advanced non-squamous NSCLC, axitinib/paclitaxel/carboplatin did not improve efficacy versus bevacizumab/paclitaxel/carboplatin, and was less well tolerated.
Note
Publication Date: 2014-01-01.
PMCID: No NIH funds
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