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Garrido F, Taylor JC, Alfonso C, Markham GD, Pajares MA
Structural basis for the stability of a thermophilic methionine adenosyltransferase against guanidinium chloride
Amino Acids (2012) 42:361-373.
Abstract
The methionine adenosyltransferase from the thermophile Methanococcus jannaschii is fully and irreversibly unfolded in the presence of guanidinium chloride. Unfolding of this dimeric protein is a three-state process in which a dimeric intermediate could be identified. The less stable secondary structural elements of the protein are the C-terminal ends of beta-strands E2 and E6, as deduced from the behavior of tyrosine to tryptophan mutants at residues 72 and 170, which are located in the subunit interface. Unraveling of these elements at the monomer interface may soften intersubunit interactions, leading to the observed 85% activity loss. Accumulation of the intermediate was associated with maintenance of residual activity, an increase in the elution volume of the protein upon gel filtration and a decrease in the sedimentation coefficient. Elimination of the remaining enzymatic activity occurred in conjunction with a 50% reduction in helicity and fluorescence alterations illustrating a transient burial of tryptophans at beta-strands E2, E3 and E9. The available 3D-model predicted that these beta-strands are involved in the central and N-terminal domains of the monomer structure. Severe perturbation of this area of the monomer-monomer interface may destroy the remaining intermolecular interactions, thus leading to dissociation and aggregation. Finally, transition to the denatured state includes completion of the changes detected in the microenvironments around tryptophans included at alpha-helixes H5 and H6, the loops connecting H5-E8 and E9, beta-strands E3 and E12.
Note
Publication Date: 2012-01-01.
PMCID: PMC3090699
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