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Solin LJ, Fowble BL, Yeh IT, Kowalyshyn MJ, Schultz DJ, Weiss MC, Goodman RL
Microinvasive Ductal Carcinoma of the Breast Treated with Breast-Conserving Surgery and Definitive Irradiation
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics (1992) 23:961-968.
Abstract
An analysis was performed of 39 consecutive women with microinvasive ductal carcinoma of the breast treated with breast-conserving surgery and definitive irradiation during the period 1977 to 1988. Microinvasive ductal carcinoma was defined as predominantly intraductal carcinoma with microscopic or early invasion. Surgical treatment of the primary tumor included excisional biopsy or wide resection. Axillary lymph node staging showed that 37 patients were pathologically node negative and two patients were pathologically node positive, each with only one positive lymph node. The median follow-up was 55 months (mean = 65 months; range = 25-135 months). The 5- year actuarial rate of overall and cause-specific survival were both 97%. The 5-year actuarial rate of freedom from distant metastases was 93%. Nine patients developed a recurrence in the breast; eight of the nine patients had isolated local only first failures, and one of the nine patients had a local recurrence simultaneously with distant metastases. The median time to local failure was 42 months (mean = 53 months; range = 20-116 months). Of the eight patients with local only first failure, seven patients have been salvaged with further treatment and remain free of disease at the time of last follow-up, and one patient has died of subsequent distant metastatic disease. Median follow-up after salvage treatment was 29 months (mean = 27 months; range = 0-54 months). Comparison of the patients with microinvasive ductal carcinoma with two control groups of intraductal carcinoma and invasive ductal carcinoma was performed. Although the rate of local failure was significantly higher for patients with microinvasive ductal carcinoma as compared to the two control groups, the rates of survival and freedom from distant metastases for patients with microinvasive ductal carcinoma were intermediate to the two control groups. Because of the high rates of survival and freedom from distant metastases and because of the ability to salvage patients with local recurrence, breast-conserving surgery and definitive irradiation should continue to be considered as an alternative to mastectomy for appropriately selected and staged patients with microinvasive ductal carcinoma of the breast.
Note
Publication Date: 1992-01-01.
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