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Smith MR, Jin F, Joshi I
Enhanced efficacy of therapy with antisense BCL-2 oligonucleotides plus anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody in scid mouse/human lymphoma xenografts
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics (2004) 3:1693-1699.
Monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody (rituximab) is active, but not curative, therapy for B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. BCL-2 is an antiapoptotic protein whose expression is dysregulated in most indolent B-cell malignancies. Antisense oligonucleotides (AS-ODNs) that down-regulate BCL-2 expression induce apoptosis and chemosensitize B-cell lymphoma cells. We hypothesized that BCL-2 down-regulation by AS-ODNs would sensitize cells to rituximab and improve therapeutic results. There is enhanced apoptosis and reduction in cell numbers when DoHH2 cells are treated in vitro with rituximab plus BCL-2 AS-ODNs, compared with either agent alone. There is little in vitro effect on WSU-FSCCL cells by rituximab, AS-ODNs that down-regulate BCL-2 by targeting the immunoglobulin portions of the BCL-2-immunoglobulin fusion molecule, or a combination of the two. The combination is more effective than either agent alone in clearing DoHH2 cells from ascites in scid mice. Combination therapy with AS-B CL-2-ODNs and rituximab significantly prolongs survival in both the DoHH2 and WSU-FSCCL models. With higher and repeated doses, this combination could be curative. We conclude that the combination of rituximab and antisense-mediated down-regulation of BCL-2 has enhanced activity against human lymphoma, prolongs survival, and could cure mice bearing human lymphoma. This merits investigation in clinical trials.
Publication Date: 2004-12-01.
Last updated on Friday, July 10, 2020