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Pugh JC, Guo JT, Aldrich C, Rall G, Kajino K, Tennant B, England JM, Mason WS
Aberrant expression of a cytokeratin in a subset of hepatocytes during chronic WHV infection
Virology (1998) 249:68-79.
Abstract
Chronic infection of woodchucks with woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) invariably leads, within 2-4 years, to the appearance of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HCC is preceded by an extended period of chronic liver damage, probably resulting from the immune response to viral antigens. It may be that infection itself also induces changes in the hepatocyte population. To begin to identify some of the changes in the liver prior to the appearance of HCC, monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were generated from mice immunized with hepatocytes from a woodchuck chronically infected with WHV or with a tumor lysate. Immunofluorescence microscopy was used to select MAbs that reacted with host markers whose patterns of expression would distinguish chronically infected from uninfected liver or from liver tumors. One of these MAbs (2F2) reacted strongly with a subset of hepatocytes in chronically infected liver; a similar staining pattern was not detected in uninfected or transiently infected liver. Evidence is presented that this strong staining reaction reflects the overexpression or accumulation of the hepatocyte-specific intermediate filament protein, cytokeratin K18, a protein previously implicated in cryptogenic cirrhosis of the liver in humans (Ku, N. O., Wright, T. L., Terrault, N. A., Gish, R,, and Omary, M. B. J. Clin, invest 99: 19-23, 1997). Double immunofluorescent staining with antibodies to K18 and M-envelope protein of WHV suggested that strong reactivity to K18 was limited to cells expressing high levels of one or both of the large viral-envelope proteins, M and L; however, high expression of these viral proteins was not always associated with a strong K18 staining reaction. (C) 1998 Academic Press.
Note
Publication Date: 1998-09-15.
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